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Biographies of the 4 Rightly guided Khalifahs. 1. Sayyiduna Abu Bakr As- Siddeeq. 2. Sayyiduna ‘Umar Ibn Al-Khattab 3. Sayyiduna Uthman Ibn Affan 4. I assume you know what sahaba means — companions of rasulullah. The Khulafa Ar-Rashideen are four specific companions of rasulullah.

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Walid bin Hisham suggested that like the Byzantines separate departments of treasury and accounts should be set up.

Abu Ubaida held a meeting with his high command officers, including Khalid to decide on future conquests. Likewise, their succession was not hereditarysomething that would become the custom after them, beginning with the subsequent Umayyad Caliphate. As a result, many palatial buildings were constructed throughout the empire with Uthman himself building a huge palace in Medina which was famous and, named Al-Zawar ; he constructed it from his personal resources.

Umar was killed in an assassination by the Persian slave Piruz Nahavandi during morning prayers in Abu Dashideen was succeeded by Umarhis appointed successor from the Banu Adi clan, who began the conquest of Persia from toleading to the defeat of the Sassanid Empire.

Caliph Ali also followed the same method. Then when you have taken a decision from them rashideeb, put your trust in Allah [ 3: Abu Ubaida himself along with Khalid, moved to northern Syria once again to conquer it with a 17, man army.

Abu Bakr Al-Baqillani has said that the leader of the Muslims simply should be from the majority. Sharia and Islamic ethics.


Umar is also remembered for establishing the Islamic calendar; it is lunar like the Arabian calendar, but the origin is set inthe year of the Hijra when Muhammad emigrated to Medina. The Rashidun army assembled in Barqa in Cyrenaicaand from there they marched west to capture Tripoliafter Tripoli the army marched to Sufetulathe capital of King Gregory. Give the Muslims their rights and do not beat them lest they become abused.

Abu Bakr Umar Uthman Ali. This page was last edited on 30 Decemberat Subsequently, Ali turned towards Basra and the caliph’s army met the army of Muslims who demanded revenge for the murder of Uthman.

You are miserable because I have appointed Usama as your general, and you are raising questions if he is qualified to lead you in war. Learn how and when to remove these template messages. The Rashidun Caliphate Arabic: During the famine of food grains were brought from Egypt to Arabia through this canal from the sea which saved the lives of millions of inhabitants of Arabia. Umar expanded the treasury and established a government building to administer the state finances.

After his appointment as caliph, Ali dismissed several provincial governors, some of whom were relatives of Uthman, and replaced them with trusted aides such as Malik al-Ashtar.

By Allah, if Fatimathe daughter of Muhammad my daughter stole, I would cut off her hand. The “sahaba” refers to any man or woman who lived during the time of the Prophet saw and embraced Islam and saw and recognized the Prophet saw at least once in his lifetime, and then died on Islam.

Markets were established at convenient points, which were under the control of market officers who was supposed to check the affairs of market and quality of goods. These were regions of great wealth controlled by powerful states, but long internecine conflict between Byzantines and Sasanians had left both sides militarily exhausted, and the Islamic armies easily prevailed against them.


History of Islam in southern Italy. After meeting the local expenditure the provincial treasuries were required to remit the surplus amount to the central treasury at Medina.

Rashidun Caliphate

Therefore, Ali was persuaded into taking the post. Ali then transferred his capital from Medina to Kufaa Muslim garrison city in current-day Iraq. In an analysis of the shura chapter of the Qur’an, Qutb argued Islam requires only that the ruler consult with at least some of the ruled usually the elitewithin the general context of God-made laws that the ruler must execute. Many tribal leaders made claims to prophethood; some made it during the lifetime of Muhammad.

What is difference between Khulfa-e-rashideen and Sahaba? – Islam Stack Exchange

Hauberks and large wooden or wickerwork shields were used as a protection in combat. The Khulafa Ar-Rashideen are four specific companions of rasulullah:. The battle thus fought was the first battle between Muslims and is known as the Battle of the Camel.